A. Fighting back against the growing popularity in online shopping, malls are attracting customers to physically come to them for more than the shopping experience itself. The attraction of great food to be tried is one way of doing so.
B. Food Courts are almost always located on the top floor of the mall, accessed by a trio of elevators, lifts and stairwells. From time to time, however, these may be located in the basement of the shopping centre.
C. These modern eating areas are typically an open-plan layout whereby the multitude of food outlets are located along the outside walls of a large open space, with plentiful tables and chairs placed in the spacious interior.
D. The food choices range from Korean barbecue bars to Japanese sushi stalls, from boiled dumplings and steamed filled buns to bubbling hot pots and soup vendors. More often than not nowadays, Western-style options are available too offering sumptuous steaks.
E. The process of purchasing your meal is straightforward. Firstly, purchase a food card from the cashier topped up with the amount of money you intend to spend and then make your order directly at the specific food vendor who will swipe your card. Wait patiently, then they will shout out your receipt number and you collect the delicious delights cooked up from the vendor once again.
F. Foreign visitors and out-of-town day-trippers are easily drawn to these eating establishments for a couple of reasons; firstly being they offer up a wide range of eating options to try at affordable prices; and secondly that they are extremely simple to use for those who cannot comprehend the local language.
G. There may be one or two drawbacks of using these places of course; one of which being they are often bustling and boisterous places packed with numerous diners; secondly, food hygiene cannot always be guaranteed.
H. Overall, it is safe to say that the benefits of these food courts far outweigh some potential and occasional drawbacks and that the popularity of these eating establishments are certain to grow in the future.
The text has 8 sections, A-H
Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.
Select the correct letter, A-H, for questions 1-7.
1. Compose Slides
Don’t copy & paste slides from different sources. Keep the design very basic and simple so that it shall not be distracting. Leave adequate space for any images.
2. Use Consistency
Consistently use the same font face and sizes on all slides and also match colours. You may use your company logo, highlight headers, or create a special frame for figures/images.
3. Use Contrast
Black text on a white background will always be the best but also the most boring choice. If you want to play with colours, keep it easy on the eyes and always keep good contrast in mind so that your readers do not have to strain.
4. Apply Brilliance
Carefully use colour to highlight your message! Match colours for design and a good contrast to highlight your message.
5. The K.I.S.S. Method
Keep It Straight and Simple. Keywords only are required, and there is no real need for sentences! Never read your slides, talk freely. Remember that your slides are only there to support, not to replace your talk!
6. Take-Home Message
Always express a Take Home Message. It’s your message, a summary of your data or story, so make it a highlight that stands out.
7. Add Images
Do not only use images for mere decoration! Images should be better used to reinforce or complement points, even to visualize and explain. A picture can say more than a thousand words.
8. Don’t Be Silly
Use animations and media sparingly. Animations can draw attention precisely to a certain point that needs clarification.
9. Keep Your Audience In Mind
Your target i.e. your audience defines the content of your presentation. Consider carefully their needs and simplify your slides down to the very essentials. In your talk, describe the essentials colourfully and choose your tools appropriately i.e. text, images and animations wisely. If you lose the attention of your audience, everything will be pointless— it won’t matter how clever your design is or how brilliantly you picked colours and keywords.
A well-prepared and enthusiastic talk will help you convince your audience and maintain their attention. Know your slides well. Speak with confidence – loud and clear.
11. Maintaining eye contact with the audience is critical.
State whether you may, must or must not do the following for questions 8-13
THE LIBRAY IS CLOSED ON SUNDAYS AND PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
Select the appropriate price for the customer bills (Questions 14-18).
Questions 19 – 20
Complete the following statements with words taken from the guide.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Halifax College is a school situated just outside the Nova Scotia capital city of Halifax. Opened in 1935, it was first privately run by the Halifax Church Council. In 1960 it was purchased by the provincial government and since then it has been enormously extended and now operates as a day school as well as keeping its original boarding element. Currently, enrolment stands at 550 but this is expected to rise to 750 by 2005.
The school’s mission is the pursuit of excellence by its students both in academic and extracurricular fields. Prospective students are expected to show high academic potential and proficiency in any sporting or musical activity is also looked for. Entrance to the College is by an in house examination. Six scholarships are offered per year by the College in academic, sporting and musical areas (2 in each). Details of these scholarships and the entry procedure can be obtained from the Admissions Office.
Academic life at Halifax College is naturally geared towards students’ success in achieving their High School Diploma. Halifax College offers all the usual core and elective subjects and also offers a few unusual ones. See the prospectus for details.
The school is divided into three sub-schools: Elementary Years 1 - 6 Part 1 Secondary Years 7 - 9 Part 2 Secondary Years 10 - 12 Each sub-school has its own administration and is headed by its own principal. The School Council is the umbrella organization that administers the school as a whole.
As mentioned earlier, sports and music are considered very important at Halifax College. At the College, we have our own facilities for football, baseball, hockey and lacrosse. In addition to these we have our own gymnasium, sports hall, indoor swimming pool, athletics track and indoor and outdoor tennis courts. Students also have the opportunity to row at our boathouse on the Iona River. Music is centred at our purpose-built music school which has facilities for learning a variety of instruments and its own performance hall.
The future of our students is of the greatest importance to us here at Halifax College. To cater for this the College has a Careers Office staffed by a full-time careers officer. Students can see the officer at any time to discuss their future careers and tertiary education options. The College has a library with an enormous selection of information concerning further education institutes in Canada and abroad. Various career lectures are organized throughout the school year and students can also book aptitude tests and mock university and job interviews.
The reading passage on Halifax College has 6 paragraphs A-F.
From the dropdown choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs B-F.
Paragraph B -> vi The History of Halifax College
Read the Information about Halifax College.
Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS, answer the following questions.
Write your answers in boxes 26-28.
There are more than 160 known species of chameleons. The main distribution is in Africa and Madagascar, and other tropical regions, although some species are also found in parts of southern Europe and Asia. There are introduced populations in Hawaii and probably in California and Florida too.
New species are still discovered quite frequently. Dr Andrew Marshall, a conservationist from
York University was surveying monkeys in Tanzania when he stumbled across a twig snake in
the Magombera forest which, frightened, coughed up a chameleon and fled. Though a colleague
persuaded him not to touch it because of the risk from the venom, Marshall suspected it might be a
new species, and took a photograph to send to colleagues, who confirmed his suspicions.
Kinyongia magomberae, literally “the chameleon from Magombera”, is the result, and the fact it
was not easy to identify is precisely what made it unique. The most remarkable feature of
chameleons is their ability to change colour, and ability rivalled only by cuttlefish and octopi in the
animal kingdom. Because of this, colour is not the best thing for telling chameleons apart and
different species are usually identified based on the patterning and shape of the head, and the
arrangement of scales. In this case, it was the bulge of scales on the chameleon’s nose.
Chameleons are able to use colour for both communication and camouflage by switching from
bright, showy colours to the exact colour of a twig within seconds. They show an extraordinary
range of colours, from nearly black to bright blues, oranges, pinks and greens, even several at once.
A popular misconception is that chameleons can match whatever background they are placed on,
whether a chequered red and yellow shirt or a Smartie box. But each species has a characteristic
set of cells containing pigment distributed over their bodies in a specific pattern, which determines
the range of colours and patterns they can show. To the great disappointment of many children, placing a chameleon on a Smartie box generally results in a stressed, confused, dark grey or
Chameleons are visual animals with excellent eyesight, and they communicate with colour. When
two male dwarf chameleons encounter each other, each shows its brightest colours. They puff out
their throats and present themselves side-on with their bodies flattened to appear as large as
possible and to show off their colours. This enables them to assess each other from a distance. If
one is clearly superior, the other quickly changes to submissive colouration, which is usually a
dull combination of greys or browns. If the opponents are closely matched and both maintain their
bright colours, the contest can escalate to physical fighting and jaw-locking, each trying to push
each other along the branch in a contest of strength. Eventually, the loser will signal his defeat
with submissive colouration.
Females also have aggressive displays used to repel male attempts at courtship. When courting a
female, males display the same bright colours that they use during contests. Most of the time,
females are unreceptive and aggressively reject males by displaying a contrasting light and dark
colour pattern, with their mouths open and moving their bodies rapidly from side to side. If the
male continues to court a female, she often chases and bites him until he retreats. The range of
colour- change during female displays, although impressive, is not as great as that shown by males.
Many people assume that colour change evolved to enable chameleons to match a greater variety
of backgrounds in their environment. If this was the case, then the ability of chameleons to change
colour should be associated with the range of background colours in the chameleon’s habitat, but
there is no evidence for such a pattern. For example, forest habitats might have a greater range of
brown and green background colours than grasslands, so forest-dwelling species might be expected
to have greater powers of colour change. Instead, the males whose display colours are the most
eye-catching show the greatest colour change. Their displays are composed of colours that contrast
highly with each other as well as with the background vegetation. This suggests that the species
that evolved the most impressive capacities for colour change did so to enable them to intimidate
rivals or attract mates rather than to facilitate camouflage.
How do we know that chameleon display colours are eye-catching to another chameleon – or, for
that matter, to a predatory bird? Getting a view from the perspective of chameleons or their bird
predators requires information on the chameleon s or bird’s visual system and an understanding of
how their brains might process visual information. This is because the perceived colour of an object
depends as much on-die brain’s wiring as on the physical properties of the object itself. Luckily,
recent scientific advances have made it possible to obtain such measurements in the field, and
information on visual systems of a variety of animals is becoming increasingly available.
The spectacular diversity of colours and ornaments in nature has inspired biologists for centuries.
But if we want to understand the function and evolution of animal colour patterns, we need to
know how they are perceived by the animals themselves – or their predators. After all, camouflage
and conspicuousness are in the eye of the beholder.
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 1-4.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage?
TRUE if the statement agrees with the informationFALSE if the statement contradicts the informationNOT GIVEN if there is no information on this