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A full range of grammatical structures naturally and appropriately

The grammatical structures that IELTS examiners looking for other than the Tenses. IELTS grammar requires you to use a full range of structures appropriately.

IELTS Writing and Speaking both allocated 25% of a total band for grammar. This grammar is nothing different from your English grammar which you have learned in school or college. However, IELTS grammar requires you to use a full range of grammatical structures naturally, appropriately, and accurately.

What range of grammar should you use aiming for your desired band score?

Band 9 - Uses a full range of structures naturally and appropriately with minor error as slips. This means that you must demonstrate all the grammatical structure with at least 95% accuracy in speaking and writing.

Band 8 - Uses a wide range of structures flexibly with only very occasional errors or inappropriate. This means that you must show off you know the majority of grammatical structures with at least 85% accuracy.

Band 7 - Uses a range of complex structures with frequently error-free sentences. This means that you have to use the majority of complex structures with at least 75% accuracy.

So, what are those structure that IELTS examiners looking for other than three Tenses? Let's dive into one by one.

Conditional Structure

Conditional statements are a type of complex structure. It always has two parts the condition and the result of that condition. Conditional statements are very important for IELTS exams in Writing, Speaking where you have to express the relation between the result and the condition on which result is dependent. IELTS examiners often expect to use conditional statements from the candidates for the requirement of a wide range of structures, so this is very important for you to learn and understand thoroughly.

There are two categories of conditional statements namely: Read conditionals and Unreal/Imaginary/Hypothetical Conditionals. Both of these are important as you might have to face questions related to both situations.

Read Conditional Structure

Modal Verbs for Conditional

Unreal/Hypothetical Conditional Structure

Gerund or -ing structure

Infinitive structure

When to use Gerund and Infinitive

Subject-Verb Agreement


Compound Structure

Adverbial Structure

Relative Structure

Participle Structure

Prepositional Structure

Noun Clauses

Comparatives and Superlatives

Cleft Sentences

Inversion Sentences

When to use It and There

Parallel Structure

Passive Voice